Hampton Roads Third Crossing
Project at a Glance
Inflated Cost FY-2023: $4.32 billion
The Hampton Roads Third Crossing Study was initiated in late 1993 to investigate methods of improving mobility across Hampton Roads and relieving congestion at the Interstate 64 Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel.
Benefits of a Third Crossing
- Reduces congestion in the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel
- Addresses existing and future origin and destination patterns
- Improves total mobility across Hampton Roads
- Provides new access to Norfolk International Terminals and Naval Base
- Improves access to the Newport News Marine Terminal and Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company
- Improves access to the Portsmouth Marine Terminal and Portsmouth Naval facilities
- Connects to existing expressways on the Peninsula and Southside
Crossing Design Options
Several alternatives were considered in selecting a crossing design. The Commonwealth Transportation Board (CTB) reviewed these Corridors in 1997 and selected Corridor 9.
Corridor 9 involves the following:
- Widening I-664 in Newport News to eight lanes
- Constructing two new tubes parallel to the Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel
- Constructing an additional an additional bridge-tunnel structure from the Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel near Naval Station Norfolk
- Adding a new four-lane highway connector from the new bridge tunnel to the Western Freeway in Portsmouth. This will be known as the Craney Island Connector
- Widening I-664 to six lanes from the Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel to the Bowers Hill interchange
- 1993 – Study was initiated
- 1997 – The CTB endorsed Corridor 9
- 1998 – VDOT began the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and Location Study
- 2000 – VDOT completed the EIS
- 2002 – Funding for the project was included in a voter referendum, which was not passed by voters
- 2011– In cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), VDOT has begun a revaluation of the EIS. This study is anticipated to take 15 months.
For further details click here.
A Final (EIS) was prepared in 2000 evaluating the impact of building a new crossing in Hampton Roads.
In accordance with the PPTA Implementation Guidelines, dated April 2001, adopted by VDOT under the Act, VDOT established that the posting period for this proposal beginning July 9, 2004, and ending at 5 p.m. on October 8, 2004.
VDOT received two proposals during this period. Both Fluor Virginia,Inc. and Skanska/Washington/BAM (SWB) submitted proposals for this project. Both proposals estimate that they could deliver the Hampton Roads Third Crossing Project as described in the project FEIS for approximately $3.2 billion.
In 2002, the General Assembly offered a ballot referendum involving a one percent increase in sales tax throughout the region to fund six new projects, including the Third Crossing. The referendum failed.
In late-July 2005, the U.S. Congress approved $39.4 million worth of federal funds to be used for this project.
VDOT is reevaluating the Hampton Roads Third Crossing EIS. The reevaluation will include the Craney Island Connector and a new bridge-tunnel that would connect I-564 and I-664. This part of the Third Crossing is known as Patriot's Crossing.
The search to fund these projects is currently underway. The most recent talks have included a Public-Private Partnership.
The Public-Private Transportation Act (PPTA) of 1995 allows private entities to enter into agreements to construct, improve, maintain and operate transportation facilities.
What is a PPTA?
VDOT is reevaluating the Hampton Roads Third Crossing Environmental Impact Study (EIS) to include the Craney Island Connector and a new bridge-tunnel that would connect I-564 and I-664. This part of the Hampton Roads Third Crossing is known as the Patriots Crossing. Funding sources have not been identified. A public-private partnership (P3) procurement is being considered.
Why Build this Road?
Navy Triangle Improvements
The Navy Triangle is a five phase area improvement strategy. Pieces of this project are subsets of the Third Crossing. The purpose of these enhancements is to develop a beneficial transportation system around the Norfolk Naval Base and Norfolk International Terminals that will:
- Provide the military with improved methods of mobilizing people and goods
- Help alleviate existing congestion and improve the level of service on city and naval station streets
- Eliminate the at-grade railroad crossings
- Connect the ports directly to a freeway system
- Fleet Recreational Park was a replacement recreational facility for the Norfolk Naval Base that allowed VDOT to use the previous site for the widening of Hampton Boulevard and the construction of the I-564 Intermodal Connector.
- Hampton Boulevard will create a grade separation thus eliminating the need to interrupt vehicular traffic for railway movement in to and out of the port terminals.
- The Intermodal Connector will realign I-564 to Hampton Boulevard with improved access into Naval Station Norfolk and Norfolk International Terminals.
- Patriot's Crossing -This subset of the proposed Third Crossing will create a connection from I-564 to I-664 which will travel under the Elizabeth River.
- Terminal Boulevard