Location and Design Division

Location and Design Division
Issued 2009 - revised August 2021

Survey Manual   VDOT Governance Document

The most recent version of the Survey Manual is below. This version supersedes all previous versions and incorporates all previous revisions. All future revisions will be incorporated into this online version and detailed in the “Revisions” folder.

The information provided in this electronic version of the Survey Manual is a product of, and copyrighted by, the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) and is intended to be used for informational purposes only and is not to be sold or otherwise distributed for profit. 

Although this data has been tested by VDOT, no expressed or implied warranties are made by VDOT concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability and usability of this information.    
VDOT assumes no responsibility for any incorrect outcomes or damage resulting from the use of this information.

All users shall expressly hold VDOT harmless from any liability or loss due to a virus or any other computer or software-generated problem associated with these files. 

If you have questions or problems with the content of the manual, contact: Geospatial-Info@VDOT.Virginia.gov.                  

Survey Manual Chapters

Table of Content



Chapter 1


Chapter 2


Chapter 3

Signing and Sealing of Professional Survey Deliverables

Chapter 4

Right of Entry, Property, Prescriptive Easements, & Metes and Bounds Surveys

Chapter 5

GNSS & Control

Chapter 6

Photogrammetric Surveys

Chapter 7

Location Surveys

Chapter 8

Hydraulic Survey

Chapter 9

Laser Scanning and LiDAR Applications

Chapter 10

Final Surveys

Chapter 11 Construction Survey
Chapter 12 Subsurface Utility Engineering Designation and Location
Appendix A Standards of Practice SUE Locations and Designations
Appendix B

Miscellaneous Formulae & Conversion Tables

Appendix C

Appendix C has been removed and references are hyperlinked to the current standard.



Page last modified: Sept. 25, 2023