Innovative Intersections and Interchanges


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Displaced Left Turn (DLT) icon
Innovative Interchange: Displaced Left Turn (DLT)
State Route 741 (North Springboro Pike) at Austin Boulevard, Miamisburg, Ohio

A DLT is also known as:

  • Continuous flow intersection
  • Crossover displaced left intersection
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What Is A DLT?

  • Intersection design where left-turn vehicles cross to the other side of the opposing through-traffic in advance of the main intersection
  • Left turns and opposing through movements occur simultaneously at the main intersection
  • Intersection can be designed as a partial DLT, with crossovers for left turns only on the major street, or a full DLT, with crossovers for left turns on both the major and side streets
  • Main intersection and crossovers are signalized and timed to work together to minimize stops.

When Should It Be Considered?

  • At intersections:
    • With moderate to heavy traffic volumes in all directions
    • Where opposing legs have similar through traffic volumes
    • With heavy left-turn traffic volumes
    • With a limited number of driveways or access points near the intersection


  • Improved safety: Reduces and spreads out the number of potential conflict points where vehicles may cross paths
  • Increased efficiency: Simultaneous movement of protected left turns and opposing through-movements allows for only two traffic signal phases rather than the typical four phases, which reduces delay
  • Better synchronization: Elimination of left-turn traffic signal phases and synchronization of the main intersection and crossover traffic signals allows through-traffic to spend less time stopped, which improves corridor travel times

How to Navigate

Below is how to navigate a DLT intersection. Click the image to view a larger version or watch the video.

DLT navigation diagram

Conflict Points

The number of conflict points (locations where vehicle travel paths intersect) is one metric that can be used to evaluate the safety of an innovative intersection or interchange.

There are three categories: crossing, merging or diverging.

In general, merging and diverging conflict points — where vehicles are moving in the same direction — are associated with less severe crash types than crossing conflict points where vehicles are moving in opposite directions.

The diagrams below compare the possible vehicle travel movements and associated conflict points at a conventional four-leg intersection to a DLT.

These diagrams represent a general case, with one travel lane in each direction, and do not take into account pedestrian or bicycle movements at an intersection or interchange.

When compared to a conventional four-leg intersection, a partial DLT, with displaced left turns on two of the four intersection approaches, has two fewer crossing conflict points.

A full DLT, with displaced left turns on all four approaches, has four fewer crossing conflict points when compared to a conventional four-leg intersection.

Conventional Intersection: Conflict Points

DLT: Conflict Points (Full)

DLT: Conflict Points (Partial)


Virginia Department of Transportation

Federal Highway Administration

Page last modified: July 13, 2023